ACP American College of Physicians - Internal Medicine - Doctors for Adults

Effective Clinical Practice

SUBJECT INDEX

Effective Clinical Practice Volume 4

– A –

Academic medical centers

Caregiver perceptions of the reasons for delayed hospital discharge, 250

Age distribution

Misleading presentation of breast cancer in popular magazines, 58

Age factors

Geographic variation in health care, 232

Operative mortality with elective surgery in older adults, 172

Aged

Reducing emergency visits in older adults with chronic illness: a randomized controlled trial of group visits, 49

Ambulatory care

Number fifteen, 80

Angioplasty, balloon

Balancing the benefits of primary angioplasty against the benefits of thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction: the importance of timing, 214

Cardiologists performing peripheral angioplasties: impact on utilization, 191

Increases in peripheral interventional procedures by cardiologists--are patients or providers being served? 221

Treatment delay in myocardial infarction: a timely topic, 226

Antibiotics

Impact of reducing antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis on patient satisfaction, 105

Prescribing antibiotics: seeing the whole picture, 237

Reducing "unnecessary" antibiotic use in primary care; hard rules, soft calls, 136

Antidepressants

Effectiveness of an intervention to improve primary care provider recognition of depression, 163

Aorta, abdominal

Intensive care unit nurse staffing and the risk for complications after abdominal aortic surgery, 199

Arterial occlusive diseases

Cardiologists performing peripheral angioplasties: impact on utilization, 191

Arterial occlusive diseases

Increases in peripheral interventional procedures by cardiologists--are patients or providers being served? 221

Attention deficit and disruptive behavior disorders

Web-based assistance for physicians caring for children with ADHD, 127

– B –

Behavior change

The case for persuasive health messages/The case for letting information speak for itself, 73

Behavior symptoms

Web-based assistance for physicians caring for children with ADHD, 127

Benchmarking

Physician explanations for failing to comply with "best practices", 207

Best practice analysis

Physician explanations for failing to comply with "best practices", 207

Blood glucose

Does measuring fructosamine help patients with diabetes? 189

Randomized trial of fructosamine home monitoring in patients with diabetes, 16

Breast neoplasms

Geographic variation in health care, 232

Misleading presentation of breast cancer in popular magazines, 58

Bronchitis

Impact of reducing antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis on patient satisfaction, 105

– C –

Cardiology

Cardiologists performing peripheral angioplasties: impact on utilization, 191

Increases in peripheral interventional procedures by cardiologists--are patients or providers being served? 221

Caregivers

Caregiver perceptions of the reasons for delayed hospital discharge, 250

Chronic disease

Effect of a self-management program on patients with chronic disease, 256

Reducing emergency visits in older adults with chronic illness: a randomized controlled trial of group visits, 49

Colonoscopy

Colorectal cancer screening in Massachusetts: measuring compliance with current guidelines, 10

Colorectal cancer screening: keeping the options open, 39

Colorectal neoplasms

Colorectal cancer screening in Massachusetts: measuring compliance with current guidelines, 10

Colorectal cancer screening: keeping the options open, 39

Diet for fecal occult blood test screening: help or harm? 180

Meta-analysis of dietary restriction during fecal occult blood testing, 150

Communication

Sensationalism in the media: when scientists and journalists may be complicit collaborators, 185

Community health services

Promoting a "community wellness" program, 234

Confidence intervals

95% confidence intervals, 229

Statistical significance and P values, 183

Coronary disease

How effective is the computer-based clinical practice guideline? 24

Correlation coefficient

Correlation coefficients, 139

Cost control

A practice-based approach to converting from proton pump inhibitors to less costly therapy, 263

Cost-benefit analysis

Assessing hospital quality: a review for clinicians, 82

Finding undiagnosed type 2 diabetes: is it worth the effort? 281

Screening for diabetes mellitus in high-risk patients: cost, yield, and acceptability, 271

– D –

Decision making

Decision support and the appropriate use of fibrinolysis in myocardial infarction, 1

Deferred care for adults with musculoskeletal complaints, 65

Operative mortality with elective surgery in older adults, 172

Decision support systems, clinical

Computer-based decision support: wishing on a star? 34

Decision support and the appropriate use of fibrinolysis in myocardial infarction, 1

How effective is the computer-based clinical practice guideline? 24

Delivery of health care

Geographic variation in health care, 232

Reducing emergency visits in older adults with chronic illness: a randomized controlled trial of group visits, 49

Variation in clinical preventive services, 121

Depression

A CQI intervention to change the care of depression: a controlled study, 239

Effectiveness of an intervention to improve primary care provider recognition of depression, 163

Quality improvement can't be optional, 278

Diabetes mellitus

Does measuring fructosamine help patients with diabetes? 189

Finding undiagnosed type 2 diabetes: is it worth the effort? 281

How effective is the computer-based clinical practice guideline? 24

Randomized trial of fructosamine home monitoring in patients with diabetes, 16

Screening for diabetes mellitus in high-risk patients: cost, yield, and acceptability, 271

Dietary restrictions

Diet for fecal occult blood test screening: help or harm? 180

Meta-analysis of dietary restriction during fecal occult blood testing, 150

Disease management

Does measuring fructosamine help patients with diabetes? 189

Drug resistance, microbial

Impact of reducing antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis on patient satisfaction, 105

Prescribing antibiotics: seeing the whole picture, 237

Reducing "unnecessary" antibiotic use in primary care: hard rules, soft calls, 136

– E –

Emergency medicine

Number fifteen, 80

Emergency service, hospital

Deferred care for adults with musculoskeletal complaints, 65

Reducing emergency visits in older adults with chronic illness: a randomized controlled trial of group visits, 49

Errors, type I

Type I and type II errors, 284

Errors, type II

Type I and type II errors, 284

Evidence-based medicine

Can evidence change the rate of back surgery? A randomized trial of community-based education, 95

Physician explanations for failing to comply with "best practices", 207

– F –

False-negative reactions

Type I and type II errors, 284

False-positive reactions

Type I and type II errors, 284

Fibrinolysis

Decision support and the appropriate use of fibrinolysis in myocardial infarction, 1

Fructosamine

Does measuring fructosamine help patients with diabetes? 189

Randomized trial of fructosamine home monitoring in patients with diabetes, 16

– G –

Group randomization

Group randomized trials, 42

Health behavior

Effect of a self-management program on patients with chronic disease, 256

Health education

The case for persuasive health messages/The case for letting information speak for itself, 73

Number fifteen, 80

– H –

Health care personnel power

Intensive care unit nurse staffing and the risk for complications after abdominal aortic surgery, 199

More nurses, better patient outcomes: why isn't it obvious? 223

Neonatal workforce: how much is enough? 178

The uneven landscape of newborn intensive care services: variation in the neonatology workforce, 143

Health promotion

The case for persuasive health messages/The case for letting information speak for itself, 73

Promoting a "community wellness" program, 234

Health resources

Neonatal workforce: how much is enough? 178

Reducing emergency visits in older adults with chronic illness: a randomized controlled trial of group visits, 49

The uneven landscape of newborn intensive care services: variation in the neonatology workforce, 143

Health services accessibility

Geographic variation in health care, 232

Health services research

Group randomized trials, 42

95% confidence intervals, 229

Variation in clinical preventive services, 121

Health status

Effect of a self-management program on patients with chronic disease, 256

Histamine H2antagonists

A practice-based approach to converting from proton pump inhibitors to less costly therapy, 263

Hospitals

Assessing hospital quality: a review for clinicians, 82

Hypothesis testing

Statistical significance and P values, 183

Impact of reducing antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis on patient satisfaction, 105

– I –

Impulse disorders

Web-based assistance for physicians caring for children with ADHD, 127

Infant, low birthweight

Neonatal workforce: how much is enough? 178

The uneven landscape of newborn intensive care services: variation in the neonatology workforce, 143

Intensive care units

Intensive care unit nurse staffing and the risk for complications after abdominal aortic surgery, 199

More nurses, better patient outcomes: why isn't it obvious? 223

The uneven landscape of newborn intensive care services: variation in the neonatology workforce, 143

Internet

Web-based assistance for physicians caring for children with ADHD, 127

Intraoperative complications

Operative mortality with elective surgery in older adults, 172

– J –

Journalism

Sensationalism in the media: when scientists and journalists may be complicit collaborators, 185

– K –

Knowledge, attitudes, practice

Educating men about prostate cancer screening. A randomized trial of a mailed pamphlet, 112

– L –

Length of stay

Caregiver perceptions of the reasons for delayed hospital discharge, 250

Low back pain

Can evidence change the rate of back surgery? A randomized trial of community-based education, 95

– M –

Magazines

Geographic variation in health care, 232

Misleading presentation of breast cancer in popular magazines, 58

Mammography

Geographic variation in health care, 232

Marketing

Promoting a "community wellness" program, 234

Mass media

Geographic variation in health care, 232

Sensationalism in the media: when scientists and journalists may be complicit collaborators, 185

Mass screening

Diet for fecal occult blood test screening: help or harm? 180

Effectiveness of an intervention to improve primary care provider recognition of depression, 163

Finding undiagnosed type 2 diabetes: is it worth the effort? 281

Screening for diabetes mellitus in high-risk patients: cost, yield, and acceptability, 271

Medical errors

On errors, 141

Medical records systems, computerized

Computer-based decision support: wishing on a star? 34

How effective is the computer-based clinical practice guideline? 24

MEDLINE

Taking advantage of the explosion of systematic reviews: an efficient MEDLINE search strategy, 157

Mental health services

Effectiveness of an intervention to improve primary care provider recognition of depression, 163

Mortality

Operative mortality with elective surgery in older adults, 172

Musculoskeletal diseases

Deferred care for adults with musculoskeletal complaints, 65

Myocardial infarction

Balancing the benefits of primary angioplasty against the benefits of thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction: the importance of timing, 214

Decision support and the appropriate use of fibrinolysis in myocardial infarction, 1

Treatment delay in myocardial infarction: a timely topic, 226

– N –

Neonatology

Neonatal workforce: how much is enough? 178

The uneven landscape of newborn intensive care services: variation in the neonatology workforce, 143

Nurses

More nurses, better patient outcomes: why isn't it obvious? 223

– O –

Occult blood

Colorectal cancer screening in Massachusetts: measuring compliance with current guidelines, 10

Colorectal cancer screening: keeping the options open, 39

Diet for fecal occult blood test screening: help or harm? 180

Meta-analysis of dietary restriction during fecal occult blood testing, 150

Orthopedics

Can evidence change the rate of back surgery? A randomized trial of community-based education, 95

Outcome and process assessment (health care)

Are we overvaluing performance measures? 91

Assessing hospital quality: a review for clinicians, 82

A CQI intervention to change the care of depression: a controlled study, 239

Balancing the benefits of primary angioplasty against the benefits of thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction: the importance of timing, 214

Computer-based decision support: wishing on a star? 34

More nurses, better patient outcomes: why isn't it obvious? 223

On errors, 141

Quality improvement can't be optional, 278

Treatment delay in myocardial infarction: a timely topic, 226

– P –

Pamphlets

Educating men about prostate cancer screening. A randomized trial of a mailed pamphlet, 112

Patient acceptance of health care

The case for persuasive health messages/The case for letting information speak for itself, 73

Patient compliance

Diet for fecal occult blood test screening: help or harm? 180

Meta-analysis of dietary restriction during fecal occult blood testing, 150

Patient discharge

Caregiver perceptions of the reasons for delayed hospital discharge, 250

Patient education

Educating men about prostate cancer screening. A randomized trial of a mailed pamphlet, 112

Impact of reducing antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis on patient satisfaction, 105

Reducing "unnecessary" antibiotic use in primary care: hard rules, soft calls, 136

Patient participation

Effect of a self-management program on patients with chronic disease, 256

Promoting a "community wellness" program, 234

Promoting self-referral for advanced imaging, 93

Patient satisfaction

Impact of reducing antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis on patient satisfaction, 105

Reducing "unnecessary" antibiotic use in primary care: hard rules, soft calls, 136

Pediatrics

Neonatal workforce: how much is enough? 178

Perceptions

Caregiver perceptions of the reasons for delayed hospital discharge, 250

Perioperative nursing

Intensive care unit nurse staffing and the risk for complications after abdominal aortic surgery, 199

Peripheral vascular diseases

Cardiologists performing peripheral angioplasties: impact on utilization, 191

Increases in peripheral interventional procedures by cardiologists--are patients or providers being served? 221

Physician practice patterns

Geographic variation in health care, 232

Physician explanations for failing to comply with "best practices", 207

A practice-based approach to converting from proton pump inhibitors to less costly therapy, 263

Prescribing antibiotics: seeing the whole picture, 237

Reducing "unnecessary" antibiotic use in primary care: hard rules, soft calls, 136

Postoperative complications

Intensive care unit nurse staffing and the risk for complications after abdominal aortic surgery, 199

Practice guidelines

Can evidence change the rate of back surgery? A randomized trial of community-based education, 95

Colorectal cancer screening in Massachusetts: measuring compliance with current guidelines, 10

Computer-based decision support: wishing on a star? 34

Deferred care for adults with musculoskeletal complaints, 65

How effective is the computer-based clinical practice guideline? 24

Physician explanations for failing to comply with "best practices", 207

Variation in clinical preventive services, 121

Prevalence

Geographic variation in health care, 232

Preventive health services

Variation in clinical preventive services, 121

Primary health care

A CQI intervention to change the care of depression: a controlled study, 239

Effectiveness of an intervention to improve primary care provider recognition of depression, 163

Quality improvement can't be optional, 278

Variation in clinical preventive services, 121

Probability

95% confidence intervals, 229

Process assessment (health care)

Cardiologists performing peripheral angioplasties: impact on utilization, 191

Increases in peripheral interventional procedures by cardiologists--are patients or providers being served? 221

Prostate-specific antigen

Educating men about prostate cancer screening. A randomized trial of a mailed pamphlet, 112

Prostatic neoplasms

Educating men about prostate cancer screening. A randomized trial of a mailed pamphlet, 112

Proton pump inhibitors

A practice-based approach to converting from proton pump inhibitors to less costly therapy, 263

– Q –

Quality of health care

Are we overvaluing performance measures? 91

Assessing hospital quality: a review for clinicians, 82

– R –

Random allocation

Group randomized trials, 42

Report cards

Assessing hospital quality: a review for clinicians, 82

Review, systematic

Taking advantage of the explosion of systematic reviews: an efficient MEDLINE search strategy, 157

Risk factors

Finding undiagnosed type 2 diabetes: is it worth the effort? 281

Screening for diabetes mellitus in high-risk patients: cost, yield, and acceptability, 271

Risk

Misleading presentation of breast cancer in popular magazines, 58

– S –

Science

Sensationalism in the media: when scientists and journalists may be complicit collaborators, 185

Search strategy

Taking advantage of the explosion of systematic reviews: an efficient MEDLINE search strategy, 157

Self-management

Effect of a self-management program on patients with chronic disease, 256

Self-referral

Promoting self-referral for advanced imaging, 93

Sensationalism

Sensationalism in the media: when scientists and journalists may be complicit collaborators, 185

Sigmoidoscopy

Colorectal cancer screening in Massachusetts: measuring compliance with current guidelines, 10

Colorectal cancer screening: keeping the options open, 39

Smoking

The case for persuasive health messages/The case for letting information speak for itself, 73

Statistics

Correlation coefficients, 139

95% confidence intervals, 229

Statistical significance and P values, 183

Type I and type II errors, 284

Surgical procedures

Can evidence change the rate of back surgery? A randomized trial of community-based education, 95

Operative mortality with elective surgery in older adults, 172

– T –

Thrombolytic therapy

Balancing the benefits of primary angioplasty against the benefits of thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction: the importance of timing, 214

Treatment delay in myocardial infarction: a timely topic, 226

Time factors

Balancing the benefits of primary angioplasty against the benefits of thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction: the importance of timing, 214

Treatment delay in myocardial infarction: a timely topic, 226

– V –

Variation, geographic

Geographic variation in health care, 232