> Appendix: The Ethical Force Program
ACP American College of Physicians - Internal Medicine - Doctors for Adults

Effective Clinical Practice

Appendix. The Ethical Force Program

Mission Statement

The Mission of the Ethical Force Program is to improve health care by fostering the ethical behavior of all participants. The Program identifies and promotes ethical expectations and performs research to develop valid and reliable measures of their achievement.

Mission Goals

Through the collaborative involvement of all major participants in health care, the Program aims to achieve three goals:

  • To identify and promote ethical expectations for all participants in health care
  • To develop valid and reliable measures of achievement of ethical expectations
  • To encourage the widespread adoption and use of these expectations and measures

Adopted by the E-Force Oversight Body June 26, 1998.

Members (and Alternates) of the Ethical Force Oversight Body
Organizational affiliations are listed for identification purposes.

Robert Alpert
Executive Director
Center for Health Care Initiative
United Auto Workers

Laurie Badzek, RN, JD (alternate)
Director, Center for Ethics & Human Rights
American Nurses Association

Richard Bernstein, MD (alternate)
Senior Medical Director
Core Health Delivery, Network, Field Operations
Aetna&—U.S. Healthcare

Michele Dennis, RN
Assistant Director of Field Services for Nursing

John Eisenberg, MD
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research

Ezekiel Emanuel, MD, PhD
Ethics Consultant to the Director of the Warren G. Magnuson Clinical Center
Department of Clinical Ethics
National Institutes of Health

Linda Emanuel, MD, PhD
Founder, E-Force Oversight Body
Vice President, Ethics Standards
American Medical Association

Mary Jane England, MD
Washington Business Group on Health

Arnold Epstein, MD
Department of Health Policy and Management
Harvard School of Public Health

David A. Fleming, MD
Woodland Clinic
Moberly, MO

Larry Gage
National Association of Public Hospitals and Health Systems

George Isham, MD
Medical Director and Chief Health Officer

Catherine Kunkle
Vice President
National Business Coalition on Health

John Ludden, MD
Harvard Medical School

Thomas Reardon, MD
American Medical Association

Beverly Malone, PhD, RN, FAAN
American Nurses Association

Frank Riddick, MD
Member, Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs
American Medical Association

Jim Sabin, MD
Center for Ethics in Managed Care,
Department of Ambulatory Prevention
Harvard University and Harvard­Pilgrim Health Care

Neil Schlackman, MD
Senior Medical Director
AETNA­U.S. Healthcare

Paul Schyve, MD
Senior Vice President
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations

Scott Serota
Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer
National Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association

Linda Shelton
Head of New Product Development
National Committee for Quality Assurance

Drew Smith, JD
Senior Analyst Health Policy
American Association of Retired Persons

David Tennenbaum, MD (alternate)
Director, Health Policy and Innovation
Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association

Myrl Weinberg, CAE
National Health Council

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